Various Lease Types
Absolute Net (True NNN)
Tenant pays a base rent plus ALL expenses associated with the property…even capital improvements! The NNN stands for net-net-net (taxes, insurance, & maintenance). Found most commonly in corporate retail leases and sale-leaseback transactions.
Tenant pays base rent plus all operating expenses associated with the property. Typically excludes capital improvements. This means the tenant will be paying property taxes, insurance, and maintenance. Found in many retail property leases (i.e. Walgreens, O’Reilly’s, etc.), newer industrial properties, and single tenant buildings.
Double Net (NN)
Tenant pays a base rent plus their share of taxes and insurance. This can also be the tenant paying taxes and maintenance or tenant paying insurance and maintenance. Found occasionally throughout various property types.
Modified Gross (Mod Gross)
This is the most variable type of lease. Tenant typically pays a set rent plus some of the operating expenses. I see this most often as tenant paying rent plus utilities. This is a common lease structure for many, mostly smaller, properties from industrial, to office, to apartments.
Full Service Excluding Janitorial (FLSVEJ)
Tenant pays a set base rent plus any janitorial they may desire. Landlord pays all operating expenses of the property excluding janitorial. Found commonly in smaller office properties.
Gross (Full Service, FLSV)
Tenant pays a base rent which includes all expenses. Landlord is paying for all building operating expenses including janitorial service. Most common in larger, newer office buildings.